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Structural Steel Design - An Innovative Approach for Building Construction Services

Structural steel is a construction material with a definite standard of chemical composition and physical properties. The various components of the structural steel are carbon, manganese, aluminum, chromium, columbium, copper, molybdenum, nickel, phosphorus, silicon and vanadium.

All these chemicals collectively impart suitable properties to the constructional steel such as higher strength, lower ductility, corrosion resistance and higher flexibility etc. Due to the above desirable properties of structural steel, it is being widely used in the various constructional and architectural projects and is given preference over concrete. Structural steel design is an important aspect of any architectural project.

Steel Design

The structural steel design services are implemented in various types of projects and industries such as:

  • Steel bridges
  • Platforms of airports and seaports
  • Platforms of airports and seaports
  • Passenger and cargo terminals
  • Heavy duty buildings
  • Petrochemical industries
  • Oil and gas industries
  • Fertilizer plants
  • Cement plants

To provide effective structural steel design services, a designer has to be proficient in various softwares such as AutoCAD, Solid Works, Pro-E, WinSTRUDL, CadrePro, Microstation and STRAP etc. The designers need to be acquainted with the latest codes and standards being used in the industry, in order to develop effective designs as per the industrial requirements.

The most important types of structural systems used in the steel buildings are:

  • Trusses: The trusses act as roof framing members. These are used to support the gravity loads from the discontinuous columns.
  • Moment frames: The moment frames resist the lateral loads with the help of the bending rigidity of the beams and columns.
  • Braced frames: The braced frames resist the lateral loads through the axial compression in the diagonal members.

The whole structural steel design process starts with the schematic drawings, which are developed by the architects. The structural engineers use these schematic drawings as input, in order to determine the sizes of each and every member of the structural systems. After all the structural families are clearly defined, the roof and floor framing members and the lateral load systems are being implemented in the designs, in order to give rise to the final steel designs with the required safety standards.

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Nikunj Patel

About Author: Nikunj Patel is a design engineer and loves designing specialized industrial equipments, can always be found in the lab discussing, brainstorming & tweaking designs. He has also worked on architectural projects taking interest in every aspect of design & analysis.